Security FAQ

Comprehensive answers to your security questions and problems.

What is SCAM?

The term SCAM in the online world has been loosely translated. By definition, a scam is a quick-profit scheme where a person cheats another individual or group out of money by presenting them with false information during a deal or offer. There are many different types of scams that prey on unsuspecting victims. Scammers can […]

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What is SSL?

SSL stands for Secure Socket Layer. The Secure Socket Layer protocol was developed by Netscape.  SSL provides security to communications over the Internet by creating a secure channel using cryptography. The Secure Socket Layer along with TLS provides security by encrypting segments or packets of data above the transport layer of the network. There are

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What is Cookie?

Website cookies are small text files stored on a user’s system by their web browser.A website cookie is also known as an HTTP cookie or a browser cookie or just a cookie depending upon the preferences of the people who use them. Cookies normally contain textual data that helps websites remember the user, their browsing

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What is Open ID?

Open ID is quickly getting acceptance on the web; today there is more than one billion Open ID facilitated user accounts. According to an estimate, more than 50,000 websites are accommodating Open ID accounts for login.  Numerous large organizations are issuing and accepting Open IDs. These include some of the most well-reputed and established websites

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What are DoS and DDoS attacks?

DoS stands for Denial of Service Attack. DDoS, or Distributed Denial of Service attack, is a more complex invasion within the same category. The purpose of a Denial of Service attack is to make a website or service unavailable for users over the Internet. To enforce this, the attacker uses bots — a computer that

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What is Firewall?

A personal firewall is an internet application that is used for controlling the inbound and outbound traffic of a computer connected to a network or internet. A personal firewall has the ability to deny or permit communication and transmission depending on a predefined policy of the personal firewall. A personal firewall is different from a

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What is Adware?

Adware stands for Advertising-supported software. The main purpose of adware is to display advertisements on a computer. Adware is a type of internet application that displays ads for different products and services while the user is online. Adware is of two types, one that displays already stored ads, this type of adware does not need

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What is Captcha?

The term CAPTCHA stands for ‘Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computer and Humans Apart. It is a word verification test that is generated by a server to ensure that the response is generated only by humans and not by a computer or bot. CAPTCHA was first created by Nicholas J. Hopper, John Langford,

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What is Authorization?

The process of determining whether the user who has logged in has the authority to access a specific recourse as requested. In other words, authorization is the process of specifying access rights to a subject over a set of objects. Authorization can also be linked with the access control lists that are found in operating

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What is Anonymizer?

Anonymizers are tools that allow — or attempt to allow — users to make their online activity untraceable. Anonymizers are proxy servers that act as intermediaries between the client and the actual server. An anonymizer attempts to provide a shield of anonymity by protecting the identification information of the actual systems that are using the

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